Gingival Depigmentation Procedure

In order for teeth to have an aesthetic appearance, the gums also need to be sufficiently healthy. The healthy color for gums is considered to be pink. Gums that are purple, black, blue, white, or red are considered unhealthy. The emergence of different colors may be due to a natural process, such as a person’s skin color, and may not require any intervention.

What Color Should The Gums Be?

Healthy gums should be a light shade of pink. Tones that indicate a shift from dark pink to red in gum color are signs of gum disease and are not aesthetically pleasing. Gum diseases often lead to swelling and changes in the gum’s shape. And unfortunately, it has a negative impact on overall oral aesthetics.

Why Do Gums Change Color?

These discolorations are often seen as a result of excessive smoking or as a side effect of certain medications. Excessive melanin can cause a brown or black appearance on the gums. Gums that should appear light pink will unfortunately display an unappealing look.

Gum discoloration can also be attributed to variations in skin color among different races. For instance, individuals with darker skin tones typically have darker gum pigmentation. This is primarily due to an increased amount of melanin pigment, which leads to darkening of the tissues. Various diseases and certain medications can also contribute to the development of dark gum tissue.

The Effect of Smoking on Gums

Among the many harms that smoking causes to the human body, gum discoloration is one of them. Nicotine and various chemicals present in cigarettes leave residues that lead to a dark coloration both on the teeth and gums.

If smoking continues, it is not possible to achieve the desired results from treatments aimed at reducing the discoloration. Therefore, to maintain healthy gums, it is necessary to give up the habit of smoking. After quitting smoking, a spontaneous improvement in gum coloration may occur.

How Does Gingival Depigmentation Work?

Surgical methods have been developed to eliminate such discolorations. Electrosurgery offers significant advantages in the removal of gum discoloration. During the procedure, less anesthesia is administered, resulting in reduced pain and swelling after the treatment. Another important advantage is the relatively short recovery period of approximately one week.

How is Gum Darkening Removed?

After the procedure, the gums may initially appear a dark red color, and then these red areas are covered with a white layer, which is the healing band. About a week later, the gum will return to its healthy and normal color, which is a rosy pink shade.

What Precautions Should Patients Take After the Procedure?

  • Consume lukewarm foods,
  • Continue with oral hygiene practices,
  • Avoid smoking and alcohol consumption,
  • Refrain from using alcohol-based mouthwashes and oral care products,
  • Avoid spicy and hot foods for a week.