General Anesthesia and Sedation
In dentistry, patients who have a fear of the dentist’s chair or have difficulty being treated due to dental anxiety are challenging to work with. The control of fear and anxiety can be achieved through both psychological and pharmacological (medication) methods.
Establishing good communication is crucial for successful dental treatment. However, in cases where psychological approaches and basic behavior management techniques are insufficient, undergoing dental treatment becomes increasingly challenging. In such situations, sedation and general anesthesia methods are employed to facilitate dental treatments.
Sedation is the process of reducing a patient’s interaction with the environment and decreasing their consciousness by utilizing different agents and methods to suppress the central nervous system (CNS). The goal of sedation is to minimize the psychological and physiological reactions caused by patient stress while maintaining consciousness and protective reflexes.
General Anesthesia Application
General anesthesia is the method of anesthesia in which the state of consciousness is eliminated with the help of drugs and the whole body is under the effect of anesthesia.
Common patient groups in which general anesthesia and sedation are frequently applied include:
- Children with intellectual disabilities requiring dental treatments,
- Children or adults with developmental delays,
- Adult patients with severe dental anxiety,
- Surgical procedures requiring general anesthesia (such as bone grafting or cyst removal),
- Patients who want many surgical procedures that cannot be performed in a single session with local anesthesia to be performed under general anesthesia in a short time (2-3 hours),
- Children under 4 years old. (as it is often challenging to perform dental treatments on this age group through persuasion).