A dental cyst refers to a soft tissue or fluid-filled sac that develops next to or around a tooth. Dental cysts, or tooth cysts, commonly occur in the gums, impacted molars, the roots of dead teeth, and unhealthy teeth.
Dental cysts grow silently and may take many years to be noticed. The delayed detection of dental cysts can lead to delays in treatment and an increased scope of necessary procedures.
Dental cysts are generally not infected. However, when they become infected, an abscess can form in or near the dental cyst. These abscesses are typically caused by bacteria associated with tooth decay. Small abscesses can often be treated with antibiotics, while larger abscesses usually require surgical extraction.