Impacted Tooth Extraction
An impacted tooth refers to a tooth that is unable to erupt in its intended position in the oral dental system and remains embedded within the jawbone. According to research, it is known that impacted teeth most commonly occur with wisdom teeth. However, it is also possible for premolars, canines, or supernumerary teeth to become impacted within the bone.
Impacted teeth cannot be detected by the patient since they are enclosed within the bone. They can only be identified through a detailed examination during routine dental check-ups. When unexplained tooth gaps are observed in the mouth, impacted teeth should be considered as a possible cause.
When is an Operation Required?
Surgical removal of impacted teeth is necessary in cases where they cause gum inflammation, exert pressure on adjacent teeth, have the potential to erupt, cause pain, or pose a risk of cyst formation.
Fully impacted teeth that do not cause any discomfort to the patient, do not cause damage to neighboring teeth and tissues, and have sufficient space in the jaws for eruption do not require extraction.
How is Impacted Tooth Extraction Performed?
The surgical area is anesthetized with local anesthesia, making it numb for at least 3-4 hours. Therefore, even in the most challenging cases of impacted tooth surgery, no pain or discomfort is felt. However, since anesthesia does not eliminate pressure sensations, there may be a feeling of pressure, touch, or manipulation during the procedure. These sensations, however, are not bothersome or painful.
Post-Extraction Care for Impacted Tooth
After the surgical procedure is successfully completed, the gauze placed at the extraction site should be removed after 30-45 minutes. Until the numbness in the area subsides, eating should be avoided, and chewing on the operated side should be avoided for one day. Avoid consuming very cold foods after the operation, and lukewarm and soft foods should be preferred.